E-Learning technology and digital ethnography for language learning in the modern classroom


  • Simone Schlichting-Artur Drexel University, U.S.A.




A pilot course was developed for foreign language students with the aim to enhance their ability to practice their listening, speaking and writing skills outside of regular classroom settings. The course engages students in cooperative learning and involves online learning pedagogies. Furthermore, students as well as faculty apply ethnographic methods to observe and learn from each other. This method affords the teacher the opportunity to access the learning progress of the group as well as the individual student. Methodologies are reviewed and logistical obstacles encountered are acknowledged.

Riferimenti bibliografici

Bahrani, Tahir. (2011) Technology as an Assessment Tool in Language Learning. International Journal of English Linguistics, 1.2, 295-98.

Barro, A., M. Byram, H. H. Grimm, C. Morgan, and C. Roberts. Cultural studies for advanced language learners. (1993) In D. Graddol, L. Thompson, M. Byran (Eds.) Language and culture, 55-70.

Garrett, Nina. (1991) Technology in the service of language learning: Trends and issues. Modern Language Journal, 74-101.

Horwitz, Elaine K. (2001) Language Anxiety and Achievement.†Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 21, 112-26.

Horwiz, Elaine K., Michael B. Horwitz, and Joann Cope. (1986) Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety. Modern Language Journal 70.2, 125-32.

Johnson, David W., and Frank Johnson. (1991) Joining Together: Group Theory and Group Skills. 4th ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall,

Johnson, David W., Johnson Roger T. (1991) Learning Together and Alone: Cooperative, Competitive, and Individualistic. 3rd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall,.

Johnson, David W., Johnson Roger T., Holubec Edythe J. (1991) Cooperation in the Classroom. rev ed. Edina, MN: Interaction

Johnson, David W., Johnson Roger T., Smith Karl A. (1991a) Cooperative Learning: Increasing College Faculty Instructional Productivity. Washington DC: The George Washington University

Johnson, David W., Johnson Roger T., Karl A. Smith. (1991b). Active Learning: Cooperation in the College Classroom. Edina, MN: Interaction

Johnson, David W., Roger T. Johnson, Mary Beth Stanne, and Antoine Garibaldi. (1990). “The Impact of leader and Member Group Processing on Achievement in Cooperative Groups.†Journal of Social Psychology, 130.4 , 507-16.

Kagan, Spencer. Dimensions of Cooperative Classroom Structures. (1999). In Robert E. Slavin et al. (Eds.) Learning to Cooperate. Cooperating to Learning. New York: Plenum Press

Mesch, Debra, David W. Johnson, and Roger Johnson. (1988). “Impact of Positive Interdependence and Academic Group Contingencies on Achievement.†Journal of Social Psychology 128.3, 345-52.

Mesch, Debra, Marvin Lew, David W. Johnson, and Roger Johnson. (1986). “Isolated Teenagers, Cooperative Learning, and the Training of Social Skills.†Journal of Psychology 120.4, 323-34.

Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J. (2001). “Relationship Between Peer Orientation and Achievement in Cooperative Learning-Based Research Methodology Courses.†Journal of Educational Research 94.3. 164-70.

Robinson-Stuart, Gail and Honorine Nocon. (2011). “Second Culture Acquisition: Ethnography in the Foreign Language Classroom.†The Modern Language Journal 80.4, 431-449.

Slavin, Robert E. Cooperative Learning: Theory, Research, and Practice. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1990.

Slavin, Robert E. (1995). Cooperative Learning: Theory, Research, and Practice. 2nd ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon

Tsiplakides, Iakovos. (2009). “Helping Students Overcome Foreign Learning Speaking Anxiety in the English Classroom: Theoretical Issues and Practical Recommendations.†International Education Studies 2.4, 39-44.

Zhang, Yan. (2010). “Cooperative Language Learning and Foreign Language Learning and Teaching.†Journal of Language Teaching and Research 1.1, 81-3.